Comparisions - Sunshine Montessori

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MONTESSORI

TRADITIONAL

1.

Child chooses own materials

Teacher sets curriculum

2.

Child sets own pace

Teacher sets pace

3.

Child free to discover on own

Teacher guides child

4.

Emphasis on concrete

Emphasis on the abstract

5.

Reality oriented

Much more role-play and fantasy

6.

Specific places for materials- sense of order

Random placement - not necessary return to specific place

7.

Child provides own stimulus to learning

Teachers provides stimuli to learning

8.

Child-centred learning environment

Teacher centred environment

9.

Self-education through self-
correcting materials

Use of reward and punishment in motivation

10.

Recognition of sensitive periods

All children are treated alike

11.

Multi-sensory materials to develop specific skills

Play materials for non-specific skills

12.

Liberty to move about self and furniture

Rigid rules not to move furniture and to sit in designated places

13.

Liberty to speak (without disturbing others) as he pleases

Silence is enforced on many occasions

14.

Teacher's part is to guide child to act and think for himself

Teacher does all and child is forced to follow

15.

Disorderly conduct in class is regarded as teacher's fault, she seeks it out and corrects it

Children are punished even if fault lies at the teacher's incapability

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